Taste: Pungent. Bitter.
Systems Affected: Kidneys. Bladder. Stomach. Uterus
Parts Used: Berries.
Key Components: Volatile oils (Including monoterpenes & sesquiterpenes). Flavonoids. Tannins. Bitters. Acids. Invert sugars. Flavone glycosides. Resin. Vitamin C. Calcium. Magnesium.
Preparations & dosage: Fresh: Eat 3-5 berries for upset stomach. Infusion: 1-2 tsp steeped 20 minutes. Drink morning and evening for 4-6 weeks in spring & fall for chronic rheumatism. Tincture: 10-30 drops 3x per day.
Foundational: Stimulating. Aromatic. Bitter.
Primary: Diuretic. Carminative. Diaphoretic. Emmenagogue. Anti-rheumatic
Secondary: Antiseptic. Anti inflammatory. Analgesic.
- Whenever there is excess fluid in the body and the kidneys are sluggish. Especially in cases of heart disease, diabetes, etc.
- Damp mucous conditions in smooth muscle, especially in Urinary, GI, uterus & lungs.
- Urine Retention
- Stones & Gravel
- Lumbar pain
- Build up of uric acid
- Rheumatic problems
- Strengthens brain, memory & optic nerve
- Leaves have antibiotic podophyllotoxin that has been found to have an effect against tumors.
Combines well with:
Growing: Grows in zones 2-9
Harvesting: Harvest the ripe berries that are not shriveled in the fall. Dry slowly in the shade. This way reduces the amount of oil lost.
Contraindications: Avoid using internally during pregnancy. Not for long term use. Discontinue after 6 weeks. May be too stimulating for those with kidney disease.
The Way of Herbs: Michael Tierra. Pg 146-147
The Herbal Apothecary: JJ Pursell. Pg 119-120
The Complete Herbs Sourcebook: David Hoffman. Pg 274